A koronavírus ellenére is úgy néz ki, május 4-én megkezdődnek az érettségik. Ráadásul március közepétől zárva az iskolák, így a felkészülés jóval nehezebb. Az Azonnalin úgy próbálunk segíteni, hogy az érettségik előtti héten naponta közzéteszünk egy-egy próbafeladatsort, amit az adott tárgy szakértői állítottak össze, és amivel tesztelheted, hogy állsz. Negyedikként íme, egy középszintű feladatsor angol nyelvből!
Pontosan egy hét múlva tartják az angolérettségit, így most az Azonnalin ebből a tárgyból tesztelheted a tudásod. A próbafeladatsor összeállítására Tokár Gábort, a Budapesti Fazekas Mihály Gyakorló Általános Iskola és Gimnázium angoltanárát kértük fel.
A szövegértési és nyelvhelyességi feladatok után az íráskészség következik, itt a megoldási lehetőség végtelenek, így csak egy mintamegoldást mutatunk, illetve adunk pár hasznos tanácsot a szövegalkotáshoz. Az írásbeli angolérettségi része továbbá a hallott szöveg értése, próbafeladatsorunk ezt nem tartalmazza. Az első két feladattípus első válaszait előre megadjuk, mint az érettségin.
PRÓBAFELADATSOR A KÖZÉPSZINTŰ ANGOLÉRETTSÉGIHEZ
I. RÉSZ: OLVASOTT SZÖVEG ÉRTÉSE
Az itt található feladatok megoldására 60 perc áll rendelkezésre az érettségin, a megoldás sorrendje tetszőleges.
Read the following text about Paul, the octopus and then read the sentences (1-7) following it. Mark a sentence A if it is true according to the text. Mark it B if it is false. Mark it C if there is not enough information in the text to decide if the sentence is true or not.
PAUL THE WORLD CUP OCTOPUS DIES IN HIS TANK IN GERMANY
Paul the octopus, an unlikely star of the 2010 World Cup who predicted the outcome of seven matches, has died at an aquarium in Germany. Staff at the Sea Life centre in Oberhausen said they were devastated to learn that he had passed away during the night.
Paul made his name by successfully choosing a mussel from one of two boxes bearing the flags of competing nations. Octopuses rarely live beyond two years so his death was not unexpected. Paul was two-and-a-half years old and had been hatched at another centre at Weymouth in England in 2008.
The centre’s manager, Stefan Porwoll, said that Paul had correctly guessed the outcomes of seven of eight of Germany’s World Cup matches, including their defeats, and had “enthused people across every continent”.
As the tournament progressed, the octopus’s knack of selecting the correct box drew increasing interest from the world’s media, culminating in his choice of Spain as the eventual winner. He became an instant hero in Spain, and there was a growing request to have him put on display at the Madrid zoo.
Amid the euphoria, he was even made an honorary citizen of a Spanish town before being made an ambassador for England’s 2018 World Cup bid.
The Obehausen centre said he had seemed fine when last checked on Monday night but was found dead on Tuesday morning.
“We are consoled by the knowledge that he enjoyed a good life,” Mr Porwoll said.
(1) Paul the octopus predicted all of the results at the 2010 World Cup. B
(2) Paul used stones to predict the outcomes of matches.
(3) It came as a shock to everyone that he had died.
(4) Paul had also predicted Germany’s loss.
(5) Paul correctly predicted that Spain would become the winner.
(6) He was on display at a Spanish zoo for two weeks.
(7) There were some signs that Paul was going to die.
(8) Paul died on a Monday night.
In this article about the world’s most expensive pencil, some parts of sentences have been left out. Your task is to reconstruct the text by filling the gaps (8-15) from the list (A-J) below. Remember that there is one extra phrase that you will not need. There is an example (0) at the beginning.
THE GRAF VON FABER-CASTELL PENCIL IS THE WORLD’S MOST EXPENSIVE
Behold the brilliant writing instrument! Graf von Faber-Castell (0)__C__: an elegant, cedar wood wonder! With diamonds in a white gold extender, the pencil is an apostle of beauty and precision. It a well-known part of the “Graf von Faber-Castell” Collection.
This luxurious item was created in 2001 (8)_____. The magnum format cap in solid white gold (18 carat) is crowned with three fine-quality diamonds. Their size is 0.05 to 0.06, and they are of unusual brilliance. The clip is also made of solid gold. Underneath the cap, three diamonds symbolize the third millennium.
The pencil’s timeless design impresses everyone (9)_____. Integrated in the extender there is a sharpener, which protects it and makes it suitable for the pocket while the cap hides a replaceable eraser. For a pencil, this means perfection as the three functions, (10)_____ combine all essential elements with rigor.
The world’s most exclusive pencil is somewhat larger (11)_____, and appeared in a limited edition of 99 pieces. The pencils (12)_____ in sets of five. The culmination of the art of graphite writing, however, can be best seen in The Graf von Faber-Castell Pen and Pencil Case.
A container and work of art at the same time, this case celebrates the pencil. Its heavy metal lid is decorated with a high-quality mirror finish. What is more, (13)_____ and comes with a certificate, signed by the master craftsman (14)_____. The cases are available in brown and black, each filled with a platinum-plated Perfect Pencil, four replacement pocket pencils and four spare erasers. Otherwise, (15)_____ at $13,400.
A) can be bought separately
B) each case is numbered
C) has created the perfect pencil
D) writing, correcting and sharpening
E) who has ever seen it
F) than the standard version
G) but it may not necessarily be worth buying it
H) to document the quality of his work
I) to mark the company’s 240th anniversary
J) a single pencil is priced
Read the following article about an April Fools prank and then read the half sentences that follow the text. Your task is to match the half sentences based on the information in the text. Match the numbers (16-21) with the letters (A-J) as in the example (0). Remember that there are three extra letters that you will not need.
STUDENT PRANKS TEACHER WITH AWKWARD SPEAKERPHONE PREGNANCY CALL
Stephen Barrows, a macroeconomics professor at Aquinas College in Grand Rapids, Michigan, decided to play an April Fools’ prank on his students by surprising them with a pop quiz. Little did he know that his students would be the ones pranking him.
Stephen has a very strict cell phone policy: if a student’s phone rings during the lesson, he or she must answer it on speakerphone so everyone can hear. But on April 1, 2014, one of his students made sure she received a call he would never forget – and half of the class knew exactly what was coming next.
Taylor Nefcy had a friend pretend to call her from the Pregnancy Resource Center with news about her test results. Obviously, she had to answer the call on speaker while the teacher was listening and smiling. The fake doctor congratulated Taylor on her results, saying that the tests have come back positive. Barrows’ facial expression slowly turned from amusement to shock. After finishing the call, the teacher began to apologise but Taylor was eager to assure him that everything was okay
Salvation came with the punchline when she added: “I’ve been expecting this and I know what I’m going to call the baby. The first name will be April and the last name will be Fools.”
Suddenly, the teacher and the students burst into laughter. Later, the teacher told his student: “Bonus points. That was awesome. You don’t understand the relief.”
(Source: Little things)
(1) Stephen Barrows… C A) Barrows’ emotions changed.
(16) On the day of the prank…. B) students to answer their calls in speakerphone.
(17) The classroom rule orders… C) is a macroeconomics teacher.
(18) During the phone call… D) everyone knew what was going on.
(19) After the phone call… E) Barrows made an apology.
(20) Taylor claimed… F) the teacher was planning to do a test.
(21) Barrows found the prank… G) that she had not had a name for the baby.
H) extremely funny in the end.
I) that she had not been surprised at all.
J) that her friend was the fake caller.
Read the following text about an ancient Roman festival, the Carmentalia and then read the sentences following it. Some words are missing from the sentences. Fill the gaps in each sentence (22-30) with one word that corresponds to what the text says. There is an example (0) at the beginning.
The Goddess Carmenta is celebrated on two dates of the Roman calendar (January 11 and 15), and each day is called Carmentalia. These dates should be considered as two separate festivals, rather than one festival extending over this period, yet it is not clear us today why two such holidays should be so close to each other.
The festival celebrates Carmenta, who is the Goddess of women’s health, birthing, and prophecy. She is the inventor of letters, as Minerva is the inventor of numbers. She tells the future through her sister Porrima, and reveals the past through her sister Postvorta, while Carmenta knows all that happens in the present.
Together the three Carmenae sisters are the Good Fates, the Three Mothers, and the Muses. The very name of Carmenta was given to song (carmen) and Latin terms for poetry, charms, and speaking-in-tongues. With her songs she would cure the ill and taught women how to care for themselves and their children. Her sanctuaries have become places for women and children to receive traditional medical treatments using herbs and music.
The most ancient sanctuary in all of Rome was located at the foot of the Capitoline Hill. It is still visited today where people gather water from her sacred spring. It was in this sanctuary that Carmenta appeared to Numa Pompilius in his dreams and instructed Numa on how to communicate with the Gods.
As one of the oldest Goddesses of Rome, whose worship was established by Numa, Carmenta was never represented by an image. It was enough to feel her presence in the sacred sanctuary below the Capitoline. In the same way, Vesta is never represented by an image but only by living fire.
(1) The ancient festival of the Carmentalia took place in January every year.
(22) Carmenta is said to have invented _______________.
(23) The only time which Carmenta has knowledge about is the ______________.
(24) Carmenta used her _______________ to help sick people.
(25) At her sanctuaries, the ill can find cure by using music and _______________.
(26) People still visit the Capitoline Hill to collect _______________.
(27) Carmenta also taught Numa Pompilius how to _______________ with the Gods.
(28) Numa Pompilius saw Carmenta in a _______________.
(29) There were no _______________ about Carmenta.
(30) In any picture, Vesta is usually shown as _______________.
II. RÉSZ: NYELVHELYESSÉG
Az itt található feladatok megoldására 30 perc áll rendelkezésre az érettségin, a megoldás sorrendje tetszőleges.
You are going to read an article about the founder of IKEA. Some words are missing from the text. Your task is to choose the most appropriate word (A-L) for each gap (1-9) in the text. You can use each word once. There are two words that you do not need to use. There is an example (0) at the beginning.
THE KING OF IKEA: INGVAR KAMPRAD
Kamprad began his career at the age of six, selling matches. (0)__L__ he was just ten, he criss-crossed the neighbourhood on his bicycle, selling Christmas decorations, fish and pencils.
At 17, in 1943, Kamprad’s father (1)_____ him with a small sum of money for doing well in school, (2)_____ being dyslexic. With it, Ingvar founded a business named IKEA, an abbreviation for Ingvar Kamprad from Elmtaryd, Agunnaryd, his childhood home.
Two years after starting IKEA, Kamprad began using milk trucks to deliver his goods. In 1947, he started selling furniture (3)_____ by local manufacturers. By 1955, manufacturers began boycotting IKEA, protesting (4)_____ Kamprad’s low prices. This forced him to design items in-house.
Kamprad was also behind the simple, yet revolutionary innovation (5)_____ is the flat pack. He began selling IKEA products in flat-pack form, from his own warehouses. Thus the basic IKEA concept – simple, affordable flat-pack furniture, designed, distributed and sold in-house – was complete.
The driving idea behind IKEA was, and is, that anyone (6)_____ be able to afford stylish, modernist furniture. Kamprad felt he was (7)_____ just cutting costs and making money, but serving the people as well.
Kamprad’s business grew. And grew. IKEA expanded throughout Sweden, to Norway and Denmark, via Germany to continental Europe, and on to the ends of the world. When IKEA opened in Shanghai, 80,000 people visited the store. Today, (8)_____ are over 300 IKEA stores in the world – in 38 countries. All this time, Kamprad has never (9)_____ money or issued a stock.
A. against E. made I. that
B. borrowed F. not J. there
C. could G. rewarded K. what
D. despite H. should L. when
You are going to read an article about climate change. Some words are missing from the text. Use the words in brackets to form the words that fit in the gaps (10-17). There might be cases when you do not have to change the word in brackets. Use only one word for each gap. There is an example (0) at the beginning.
A HOT TOPIC
Climate change is one of the most serious challenges (0)___facing___ (FACE) our world today. Our planet is experiencing significant and accelerated climate change that began over a century ago. Most (10)__________ (SCIENCE) agree that the planet is warming up faster than ever because of the vast amount of greenhouse gases that humans are pumping into the atmosphere. This includes (11)__________ (ACTIVE) such as burning fossil fuels (coal, oil and gas), driving cars and cutting down forests. Many of us have seen – and even experienced – the effects of climate change.
But it is not just about (12)__________ (EXTREME) weather like floods, droughts and hurricanes. Slower and (13)__________ (LITTLE) noticeable changes in our climate have the potential to (14)__________ (COMPLETE) change the way we live.
The good news is that in Paris in December 2015, 195 countries (practically the whole world) agreed the first ever legally-binding global deal to tackle climate change. In the EU and around the world, every (15)__________ (GOVERN), every company and every individual is already working to tackle its causes and adapt to the changes it brings. We all have a part to play because climate change is a global problem which can affect each one of us.
We all share one planet and the changes we make in one place can affect others far away. You could say our (16)__________ (BEHAVE) makes a lasting impression, like a footprint. And this footprint is not really (17)__________ (DIFFER) from carbon footprint. So, through our actions and choices, each one of us can take steps to leave smaller footprints and help tackle climate change.
(Source: European Commission)
16. behaviour / behavior
You are going to read an article about the London Dungeon. Some words are missing from the text. Your task is to write the missing words on the dotted lines (18-25) in the text. Use only one word in each gap. There is an example (0) at the beginning.
HE LONDON DUNGEON – WHAT YOU WILL SEE
The London Dungeon experience is (0)___an___ approximately 90-minute walk through the various attractions. You will see dungeons, experience highlights of London’s history through exceptional stages and special effects experiences.
You will (18)__________ part of a group moving from show to show, guided (19)__________ professional actors. The shows are based (20)__________ real London history and legends (minus the boring bits). You will get up close and personal with sinister characters including Jack the Ripper and the infamous barber of Fleet Street, Sweeney Todd.
Smell and see the plague and experience the doomed fate of Henry VIII’s victims (21)__________ you ride through Traitors’ Gate to your death. Learn about the Great Fire of 1666, and discover the absurdity of 18th century prosecution in an entertaining simulated trial – complete with a mad judge!
End your visit (22)__________ a heart-stopping ride. Test your nerve as you become a victim at the gallows. At the mercy of the hangman, experience the final moments of terror and the spike of adrenaline as the floor opens and you plummet into darkness!
This attraction is (23)__________ recommended for those who tend to be nervous or very young children. The recommended age for the London Dungeon (24)__________ 12 years and above, however, it is up to the discretion of the accompanying adult. (25)__________ children enter The London Dungeon and they all enjoy the experience, but please be aware it does get very dark inside the building and there are lots of loud noises.
(Source: London toolkit)
18. be / become
21. while / as / when / whilst
25. Many / Some (kisbetűvel írva is elfogadható!)
III. RÉSZ: ÍRÁSKÉSZSÉG
Az itt található feladatok megoldására 60 perc áll rendelkezésre az érettségin, a megoldás sorrendje tetszőleges.
You are planning to do a summer student job and you have found the following advertisement:
BICYCLE CAMP NEEDS YOUNG HELPERS
We are looking for an enthusiastic, reliable person to take care of a group of campers (ages 8-14). The camp programme is divided between the group: while one half has their bicycle training, the other half has to be at creative sessions.
We need somebody who can deal with young children of this age and could set-up some possible activities and programmes for them.
No special experience is needed. If you like children, we welcome you to our group!
Send your emails to firstname.lastname@example.org
Write an e-mail of 80-100 words in which you
+ say why you are interested in this job,
+ say why you would be the perfect choice for this job,
+ ask about the exact date of the camp and the salary
Begin your e-mail like this:
Dear Sir or Madam,
Dear Sir or Madam,
I have read your advertisement and I would like to apply for the job as a student helper because I like dealing with children and I would like to gain experience.
I think I am enthusiastic and creative. I would be perfect for the job because I have already taken part in camps. I had to organise some programmes for kids. I taught them how to draw and build model houses.
I have two questions about the job. What is the exact date of the camp? Also, how much money would you pay?
Thank you for your answer.
Az első íráskészség-feladatnál a legfontosabb a feladat megfelelő teljesítése, mivel erre a szempontra 5 pontot adnak a 11-ből. Ez magában foglalja, hogy a szöveg megfelelő hosszúságú és hogy mindhárom irányító szempontot megfelelően dolgozta ki a vizsgázó.
Az irányító szempontok megfelelő kidolgozása azt jelenti, hogy a vizsgázó nem csupán megemlítette a szempontot, hanem megfelelő mértékben ki is fejtette. A mintalevélben például én a második szempontnál alaposan kifejtettem, miért is lennék megfelelő a meghirdetett állásra. Egy sima: „I would be perfect for the job because I love children.” nem lett volna megfelelő.
Mivel a levél hossza kb. 100 szó kell legyen, nagyon ügyeljünk a szószámra. (Bár hivatalosan 150 szó alatt nem vonnak le pontot.) Ebben a feladatban nincs lehetőségünk nagyon szép kerek mondatokat írni, sem gyönyörű nyelvtani szerkezeteket kidolgozni. Ha a három szempontot megfelelően dolgozzuk ki, az szempontonként már kb. 20-25 szó, vagyis kb. 60-75, tehát gyakorlatilag majdnem teljesítettük is a feladatot.
Javaslom továbbá, hogy ennek ellenére egy bevezetőt mindenféleképpen írjunk és megfelelően zárjuk is le a levelet. Értékelik a kommunikációs célt is, vagyis azzal kell kezdenünk, miért is írjuk a levelet.
A dologban a könnyebbség, hogy mivel nem nagyon van lehetőség komplex mondatok írására, így a nyelvhelyességnél valószínűleg nem fognak sok pontot levonni (de persze ettől még figyelni kell rá). Szókincs tekintetében az a lényeg, hogy nagyjából B1-es szavakat használjunk (a mintalevélben ezek pl: apply for, deal with, gain experience), és lehetőleg kerüljük a szóismétlést.
You have read the following post on an internet forum called Teen Line:
I have lost all feelings towards my boyfriend (we’ve been together for 2 years). I keep breaking up with him which always breaks my heart but somehow we end up getting back together because he won’t accept it. But I have feelings for someone else. I just want to be friends with my boyfriend but if I say that, I will lose him forever. I don’t know what to do anymore. I will always have love for my boyfriend, just not in the same way. Please help me by giving advice. I really need it right now. Thanks.
Write a comment of 100-120 words to Melanie’s post including the following:
+ what you think about her situation
+ if you or someone you know has been in the same situation
+ what you think she should do
+ what her boyfriend’s reaction might be
Begin your comment like this:
This is a really difficult situation and I can understand how you might feel. It’s never easy to break up but I think in the end you’ll have to bring this decision.
Almost the same thing happened to me a few years ago. I couldn’t break up with my girlfriend because I didn’t want to lose her. But then I just had to do it. It was difficult at first but later I got better.
If you really love him, you have to be honest with him. Just tell him how you feel and hope that he’ll understand it. Especially if you have somebody else in your life. It’s not fair with him to stay together if you don’t mean it seriously. Your boyfriend might be upset at first, but he will calm down later.
I hope I could help you with my advice. Please write how things turn out.
A második íráskészség-feladat már egy kicsit több lehetőséget ad nekünk, de sajnos itt sincs lehetőség nagyon „villogni”. Egyrészt itt már négy irányítószempontot kell beépítenünk a levélbe, másrészt újabb szempontoknak kell eleget tennünk. A szöveg hosszának itt is megfelelőnek kell lenni, de 180 szóig el lehet menni pontlevonás nélkül.
Az első és legfontosabb: bár a második feladat leggyakrabban fórumbejegyzés vagy baráti tanácsadó levél szokott lenni, ennek ellenére muszáj bekezdésekre tagolni a szöveget (annak ellenére, hogy a valódi életben nem így tennénk). A „szövegalkotás” szemponton belül például 3 pontot is levonnak, ha nem alkalmazunk bekezdéseket. Maximális pontot kapunk akkor, ha „logikus a szempontok felépítése” és „a gondolati tagolás megfelelő, bekezdéseket alkalmazunk”.
Újabb szempont a „hangnem, az olvasóban keltett benyomás”. Itt főleg a stílust értékeljük, hogy a szöveg formailag megfelel-e a szerző és olvasó közötti kapcsolatnak. Magyarán: formális avagy informális-e a levél. Egy fórumbejegyzésben össze lehet vonni (it’s, I’m, you’ll, stb.), sőt kell is, hiszen nem hivatalos levelet írunk. Javaslom, ezt tartsuk be.
Szókincs és nyelvhelyesség tekintetében ugyanaz az irányadó, mint az első feladat esetében, kiegészítve azzal, hogy itt már kicsivel több lehetőségünk van magasabb, komplexebb nyelvtant belevinni. Míg az első levélben konkrét kérdéseket kellett feltennünk a szószám miatt, itt már van lehetőség „indirect question”-re (pl. az én levelemben: „Please write how things turn out.”)
Itt is ugyanúgy fontos a megfelelő bevezetés, és a lezárás. Egy tanácsadás végén az „I hope I could help you with my advice” mindig jó, és esetleg hozzá lehet tenni, hogy „please write how things turn out” – ha még van szólehetőségünk.
Ügyeljünk arra, hogy az ADVICE megszámlálhatatlan főnév (gyakori hiba szokott lenni az „advices”).
NYITÓKÉP: Vitárius Bence / Azonnali
Nem linkgyűjtemény. Olvasmány. A Reggeli fekete hétfőn, szerdán és pénteken jön, még reggel hét előtt – tíz baristából kilenc ezt ajánlja a kávéhoz!
Feliratkozásoddal elfogadod az adatkezelési szabályzatot.